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Ethics Topicwise PYQs

Ethics and Human Interface

Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions;

  • (2019) What is meant by ‘crisis of conscience’? How does it manifest itself in the public domain?
  • (2019) What is meant by constitutional morality? How does one uphold constitutional morality?
  • (2018) With regard to the morality of actions, one view is that means is of paramount importance and the other view is that the ends justify the means. Which view do you think is more appropriate? Justify your answer.
  • (2017) The crisis of ethical values in modern times is traced to a narrow perception of the good life. Discuss.
  • (2016) Law and ethics are considered to be the two tools for controlling human conduct so as to make it conducive to civilized social existence.
    • (a) Discuss how they achieve this objective.
    • (b) Giving examples, show how the two differ in their approaches.
  • (2016) Analyze John Rawls's concept of social justice in the Indian Context.
  • (2016) Explain how ethics contributes to social and human well-being.
  • (2015) Differentiate between the following (10 marks | 200 Words):
    • (i) Law and ethics
    • (ii) Ethical management and management of ethics
    • (iii) Discrimination and preferential treatment
    • (iv) Personal Ethics and Professional Ethics
  • (2014) “Human beings should always be treated as ‘ends’ in themselves and never as ‘means’.” Explain the meaning and significance of this statement, giving its implications in the modern techno-economic society.
  • (2014) All human beings aspire for happiness. Do you agree? What does happiness mean to you? Explain with answers.
  • (2013) “The good of an individual is contained in the good of all.” What do you understand by this statement? How can this principle be implemented in public life?
  • (2013) [B] What is meant by ‘crisis of conscience’? Narrate one incident in your life when you were faced with such a crisis and how you resolved the same. (10 marks | 150 words)
  • (2013) [A] What do you understand by the term ‘voice of conscience’? How do you prepare yourself to heed to the voice of conscience? (10 marks | 150 words)
  • (2013) What do you understand by ‘values’ and ‘ethics’? In what way is it important to be ethical along with being professionally competent?

Dimensions of Ethics

dimensions of ethics;

  • (2021) - Impact of digital technology as a reliable source of input for rational decision making is a debatable issue. Critically evaluate with a suitable example. (Answer in 150 words)
  • (2015) - What is meant by 'environmental ethics'? Why is it important to study? Discuss any one environmental issue from the viewpoint of environmental ethics.

Ethics in private and public relationships

ethics - in private and public relationships

  • (2014) The current society is plagued with widespread trust‐deficit. What are the consequences of this situation for personal well‐being and for societal well‐being? What can you do at the personal level to make yourself trustworthy?

Leaders, Reformers, Administrators

Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

  • (2016) - Discuss Mahatma Gandhi’s concept of seven sins.
  • (2014) - Which eminent personality has inspired you the most in the context of ethical conduct in life? Give the Gist of his/her teachings. Giving specific examples, describe how you have been able to apply these teachings for your own ethical development.
  • (2013) - Some people feel that values keep changing with time and situation, while others strongly believe that there are certain universal and eternal human values. Give your perception in this regard with due justification.


content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion

  • (2021) Attitude is an important component that goes as input in the development of human. How to build a suitable needed for a public servant?
  • (2014) What factors affect the formation of a person’s attitude towards social problems? In our society, contrasting attitudes are prevalent about many social problems.
    • What contrasting attitudes do you notice about the caste system in our society?
    • How do you explain the existence of these contrasting attitudes?
  • (2015) Two different kinds of attitudes exhibited by public servants towards their work have been identified as bureaucratic attitude and the democratic attitude.
    • Distinguish between these two terms and write their merits and demerits.
    • Is it possible to balance the two to create a better administration for the faster development of our country?
  • (2016) Our attitudes towards life, work, other people and society are generally shaped unconsciously by the family and the social surroundings in which we grow up. Some of these unconsciously acquired attitudes and values are often undesirable in the citizens of a modern democratic and egalitarian society. Discuss such undesirable values prevalent in Today’s educated Indians. How can such undesirable attitudes be changed and socio-ethical values considered necessary in public services be cultivated in the aspiring and serving civil servants?

To be updated ...